Dragon fruits: The Medicines of all Diseases

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Dragon fruits: The Medicines of all Diseases

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Darjeeling is famous for world tea. Four Tea i.e. Timber, Tea, Trade, and Tourism. Naxalbari in Darjeeling district, which was once famous for the Naxalite movement. In the 60s there was a widespread bloody struggle by Naxalite cults. Like this, Naxalism started from here under the leadership of Naxalite leader Charu Mazumdar. This is also recorded in the pages of history. This is the same area from which hundreds of tribal laborers took up arms for their rights but today in the same Naxalbari, dragons fruits of cactus species of foreign origin are spreading their fragrances. The Hathighisa area of ​​Naxalbari is seen these days as the cultivation of Cactus species of dragon fruit. The tribal farmers here are earning money by cultivating dragon fruit. Their work is also getting help from the Center of floriculture and agriculture management (COFAM) unit of North Bengal University.

Ashok De, a farmer of Hathighisa, tells that he has been cultivating it for the last 5 years. Like them, other tribal farmers are also cultivating it. The biggest feature of its cultivation is that it does not require much irrigation and fertilizer. After planting its plant once, it keeps giving fruit for about 25 to 30 years. For this, the farmer has to do nothing but build some pillars in his fields and these plants have to be planted around those pillars. With that pillar, they grow their own plants, and within one and a half two years. the fruits start, Once they start giving fruits, they continue to serve for years.

Amarendra Pandey of Kofam Unit of North Bengal University says that the plant has come here from Korean countries. Over time, its cultivation has made a rapid impact in the Northeast region of India and parts of Nepal, Bhutan, and Bihar. A large number of farmers are coming to him and doing farming in collaboration with COFAM. There is also a market for this. Currently, two and a half to three hundred rupees per kilogram are being sold in the market. Farmers give it from here at the rate of one hundred fifty to two hundred rupees per kg. The most important feature of this plant is that once planted here, the function continues for 25 to 30 years. Also, farming is very easy to take care of it. In this, the cost is also very limited while it keeps on giving profits year after year. Mr. Pandey says that apart from having a lot of nutrients in this fruit, it is proving effective in many diseases. It contains nutrients like protein, energy, carbohydrate, and sugar and minerals like calcium iron, magnesium, sodium as well as elements like anti-oxidant, flavonoid, phenolic acid, ascorbic acid. To control sugar, control heart diseases, weight loss, stomach problems, arthritis and it will enhance the immunity system. It is rich in fiber with many minerals. It has the ability to fight against diseases like cancer, so it is proving to be a panacea for sugar patients as well. This is the reason why people are emphasizing production in a manner similar to its demand in the market. Its plants i.e. fodder are sold at the rate of ₹ 100 to ₹ 150. Branches of this plant are used as its seed. So once the farmer cultivates it, then there is no need to bring seeds from elsewhere. Technically, the COFAM branch of North Bengal University is helping and guiding farmers. He hopes that one day it will be included in the list of fruits like litchi, mango, apple, guava, orange, and people will cultivate it extensively. This will definitely improve the economic health of the farmers.

Today, due to the worsening economic conditions of the farmers, they have to take measures or steps like to commit suicide by debt, then the new system of dragon fruits cultivation will definitely provide a new path to the farmers. COFAM is also trying to lift the crisis-hit farmers of India through this type of farming. They also say that about 15 to 20 kg of fruits are produced from a plant in a year. If a farmer cultivates it in one acre, he can easily earn four to five lakh rupees in a year. It can be understood that how much its cultivation means to those farmers of India who are facing the chaos and economic hardship of today. One of its biggest features is that there is no cost for irrigation. Also, chemical fertilizer is not used at all. In this, only manure of cow dung is used, so it is health-friendly.

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